International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 525–542 | Cite as

Assessment of the climatic potential for tourism in Iran through biometeorology clustering

  • Gholamreza RoshanEmail author
  • Robabe Yousefi
  • Krzysztof Błażejczyk
Original Paper


This study presents a spatiotemporal analysis of bioclimatic comfort conditions for Iran using mean daily meteorological data from 1995 to 2014, analyzed through Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) index and Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) indices, and bioclimatic clustering. The results of this study demonstrate that due to the climate variability across Iran during the year, there is at any point in time a location with climatic condition suitable for tourism. Mean values demonstrate maxima in bioclimatic comfort indices for the country in late winter and spring and minima for summer. Seven statistically significant clusters in bioclimatic indices were identified. Comparing these with clustering performed on PET and UTCI, the maximum overlaps between the two indices. In the following, the outputs of this research showed that most appropriate bioclimatic clustering for Iran includes seven clusters. These clustering locations according to climatic suitability for tourism provide a valuable contribution to tourism management in the country, particularly through marketing destinations to maximize tourist flow.


Tourism potential Clustering analysis Bioclimatic indices Iran 


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Copyright information

© ISB 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gholamreza Roshan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robabe Yousefi
    • 2
  • Krzysztof Błażejczyk
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyGolestan UniversityGorganIran
  2. 2.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Geography and Spatial OrganizationPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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