International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 58, Issue 7, pp 1451–1457 | Cite as

Do weather changes influence pain levels in women with fibromyalgia, and can psychosocial variables moderate these influences?

  • Geir SmedslundEmail author
  • Hilde Eide
  • Ólöf Birna Kristjansdottir
  • Andrea Aparecida Gonçalves Nes
  • Harold Sexton
  • Egil A. Fors
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to examine the association between fibromyalgia pain and weather, and to investigate whether psychosocial factors influence this relationship. Women with chronic widespread pain/fibromyalgia (N = 50) enrolled in a larger study, were recruited from a 4-week inpatient rehabilitation program in Norway ( 2009–2010), and reported their pain and psychological factors up to three times per day (morning, afternoon, evening) for 5 weeks. These ratings were then related to the official local weather parameters. Barometric pressure recorded simultaneously impacted pain significantly while temperature, relative humidity, and solar flux did not. No psychological variables influenced the weather–pain interaction. No weather parameter predicted change in the subsequent pain measures. The magnitude of the inverse association between pain and barometric pressure was very small, and none of the psychological variables studied influenced the association between pain and barometric pressure. All in all, the evidence for a strong weather–pain association in fibromyalgia seems limited at best.


Fibromyalgia Pain Weather Barometric pressure 


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Copyright information

© ISB 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geir Smedslund
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hilde Eide
    • 2
  • Ólöf Birna Kristjansdottir
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Andrea Aparecida Gonçalves Nes
    • 4
  • Harold Sexton
    • 5
  • Egil A. Fors
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.National Resource Centre for Rehabilitation in RheumatologyDiakonhjemmet HospitalOsloNorway
  2. 2.Faculty of Health SciencesBuskerud University CollegeDrammenNorway
  3. 3.Institute of NursingOslo and Akershus University College of Applied SciencesOsloNorway
  4. 4.Department of Behavioral Sciences in Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  5. 5.Modum Bad Research InstituteVikersundNorway
  6. 6.Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of MedicineNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  7. 7.Department of PsychiatrySt Olav University HospitalTrondheimNorway
  8. 8.National Competence Centre for Complex Symptom DisordersSt Olav University HospitalTrondheimNorway

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