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International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 1383–1391 | Cite as

Effects of dietary chromium picolinate and peppermint essential oil on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of broiler chicks reared under heat stress conditions

  • Mohsen Akbari
  • Mehran TorkiEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

A study was conducted using 240 female day-old broiler chicks to evaluate the effects of dietary chromium picolinate (CrPic), peppermint essential oil (P.mint), or their combination on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters of female broiler chicks raised under heat stress conditions (HS, 23.9 to 38 °C cycling). Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were obtained from 1 to 42 days of age. Furthermore, at the end of the experiment (day 42), birds were bled to determine some blood biochemical parameters and weighed for final body weight (BW). ADFI, ADG, and BW were not influenced significantly by dietary CrPic and P.mint (P > 0.05). A significant interaction between dietary CrPic and P.mint on FCR (P = 0.012) was detected. FCR significantly decreased in chicks fed the diet including both CrPic and P.mint compared with the CrPic group. Significant interaction between dietary P.mint and CrPic on serum concentrations of triglycerides, glucose, and albumin were observed (P < 0.05), but the other measured blood biochemical parameters were not statistically affected by dietary treatments (P > 0.05). The serum concentrations of glucose, triglycerides were decreased (P < 0.05) in broilers fed the diet including both CrPic and P.mint. Plasma chromium (Cr) content increased significantly (P < 0.05) in birds fed the CrPic-included diet compared with the control group (P < 0.05). From the results of the present experiment it can be concluded that dietary supplementation with combined P.mint and CrPic could have beneficial effects on some blood biochemical parameters of female chicks reared under heat stress conditions.

Keywords

Broiler Cholesterol Chromium concentration HDL Heat stress Natural growth promoter 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was funded by Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

Ethical standards

All experimental protocols adhered to the guidelines of, and were approved by, the Animal Ethics Committee of Razi University (Kermanshah, Iran), also were in accordance with the guidelines on animal welfare. The permission letter issued by Animal Ethics Committee of Razi University is AD-11, February 2012)

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Copyright information

© ISB 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Science, Faculty of AgricultureRazi UniversityKermanshahIran

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