International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 57, Issue 4, pp 649–654 | Cite as

Influence of temperature changes on migraine occurrence in Germany

  • Jörg Scheidt
  • Christina Koppe
  • Sven Rill
  • Dirk Reinel
  • Florian Wogenstein
  • Johannes Drescher
Short Note

Abstract

Many factors trigger migraine attacks. Weather is often reported to be one of the most common migraine triggers. However, there is little scientific evidence about the underlying mechanisms and causes. In our pilot study, we used smartphone apps and a web form to collect around 4,700 migraine messages in Germany between June 2011 and February 2012. Taking interdiurnal temperature changes as an indicator for changes in the prevailing meteorological conditions, our analyses were focused on the relationship between temperature changes and the frequency of occurrence of migraine attacks. Linear trends were fitted to the total number of migraine messages with respect to temperature changes. Statistical and systematic errors were estimated. Both increases and decreases in temperature lead to a significant increase in the number of migraine messages. A temperature increase (decrease) of 5 °C resulted in an increase of 19 ± 7 % (24 ± 8 %) in the number of migraine messages.

Keywords

Migraine Headache Weather Air temperature 

References

  1. Becker WJ (2010) Weather and migraine: can so many patients be wrong? Cephalalgia 31(4):387–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bolay H, Rapoport A (2011) Does low atmospheric pressure independently trigger migraine? Headache 51(9):1426–1430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fukui PT, Tranquillina Goncales TR, Giunchetti Strabelli C, Fernandez Lucchino NM, Cunha Matos F, Pinto Moreira dos Santos J, Zukerman E, Zukerman-Guendler V, Prieto Mercante J, Rodrigues Masruha M, Sàvio Vieira D, Prieto Peres MF (2008) Trigger factors in migraine patients. Arq Neuropsiquiatr 66(3-A):494–499Google Scholar
  4. Ginsberg J, Mohebbi M, Patel R, Brammer L, Smolinski M, Brilliant L (2009) Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data. Nature 457:1012–1014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hoffmann J, Lo H, Neeb L, Martus P, Reuter U (2011) Weather sensitivity in migraineurs. J Neurol 258:596–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kelman L (2007) The triggers or precipitants of acute migraine attack. Cephalalgia 27:394–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kimoto K, Aiba S, Takashima R, Suzuki K, Takekawa H, Watanabe Y, Tasumoto M, Hirata K (2011) Influence of barometric pressure in patients with migraine headache. Intern Med 50:1923–1928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lampos V, De Bie T, Cristianini N (2010) Flu detector - tracking epidemics on twitter, European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases (ECML PKDD). Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 599–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lipton RB, Stewart WF, Diamond S, Diamond ML, Reed M (2001) Prevalence and burden of migraine in the United States: data from the American Migraine Study II. Headache 42:646–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mukamal KJ, Wellenius GA, Suh HH, Mittleman MA (2009) Weather and air pollution as triggers of severe headaches. Neurology 72:922–927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Neut D, Fily A, Cuvellier J-C, Vallée L (2012) The prevalence of triggers in paediatric migraine: a questionnaire study in 102 children and adolescents. J Headache Pain 13:61–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Obermann M, Katsarava Z (2008) Epidemiology of unilateral headaches. Expert Rev Neurother 8(9):1313–1320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Prince P, Rapoport A, Sheftell F, Tepper S, Bigal M (2004) The effect of weather on headache. Headache 44:596–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Zebenholzer K, Rudel E, Frantal S, Brannath W, Schmidt K, Wöber-Bingöl C, Wöber C (2010) Migraine and weather: a prospective diary-based analysis. Cephalalgia 31(4):391–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ISB 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Scheidt
    • 1
  • Christina Koppe
    • 2
  • Sven Rill
    • 1
  • Dirk Reinel
    • 1
  • Florian Wogenstein
    • 1
  • Johannes Drescher
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für InformationssystemeHochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften HofHofGermany
  2. 2.Center for Human-Biometeorological ResearchDeutscher WetterdienstFreiburgGermany

Personalised recommendations