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International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 409–421 | Cite as

Evaluation of recent trends in Australian pome fruit spring phenology

  • Rebecca DarbyshireEmail author
  • Leanne Webb
  • Ian Goodwin
  • E. W. R. Barlow
Original Paper

Abstract

Temporal and temperature driven analyses were conducted for eight spring phenology datasets from three Australian pome fruit growing regions ranging from 24 to 43 years in length. This, the first such analysis for Australia, indicated significant temporal change in phenophase timing for only one of the datasets. To determine relationships to temperature, a sequential chill and growth method as well as mean springtime temperatures were used to estimate phenophase timing. Expected advancement of phenophase ranged from 4.1 to 7.7 days per degree Celsius increase in temperature. The sequential chill and growth approach proved superior, with coefficients of determination between 0.49 and 0.85, indicating the inclusion of chill conditions are important for spring phenology modelling. Compared to similar phenological research in the Northern Hemisphere, the changes in response variables were often shallower in Australia, although significance of observed hemispheric differences were not found.

Keywords

Apple Pear Climate change Growing degree day Chill Sequential model Green tip Full bloom 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Australian Bureau of Meteorology for providing the climate data, Chris Turnbull and Kevin Sanders for granting access to their records and experience, Louise Chvyl and Michael Rettke from SARDI for providing data and advice and, finally Ian Smith from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology for providing valuable methodology guidance.

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Copyright information

© ISB 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Darbyshire
    • 1
    Email author
  • Leanne Webb
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ian Goodwin
    • 3
  • E. W. R. Barlow
    • 1
  1. 1.Melbourne School of Land and EnvironmentUniversity of MelbourneVictoriaAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric ResearchVictoriaAustralia
  3. 3.Victorian Department of Primary IndustriesTaturaAustralia

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