International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 56, Issue 6, pp 1173–1177

Footprints of climate change in US national park visitation

Short Communication

Abstract

Climate change has driven many organisms to shift their seasonal timing. Are humans also shifting their weather-related behaviors such as outdoor recreation? Here we show that peak attendance in US national parks experiencing climate change has shifted 4 days earlier since 1979. Of the nine parks experiencing significant increases in mean spring temperatures, seven also exhibit shifts in the timing of peak attendance. Of the 18 parks without significant temperature changes, only 3 exhibit attendance shifts. Our analysis suggests that humans are among the organisms shifting behavior in response to climate change.

Keywords

Climate change Human-environment interaction Phenological shift Phenology Recreation Spring Tourism 

Supplementary material

484_2011_508_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (143 kb)
Fig. S1(PDF 142 kb)

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Copyright information

© ISB 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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