International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 565–574 | Cite as

Estimation of the tourism climate in the Hunter Region, Australia, in the early twenty-first century

Original Paper


Existing tourism-related climate information and evaluation are typically based on mean monthly conditions of air temperature and precipitation and do not include thermal perception and other climate parameters relevant for tourists. Here, we quantify climate based on the climate facets relevant to tourism (thermal, physical, aesthetical), and apply the results to the Climate-Tourism-Information-Scheme (CTIS). This paper presents bioclimatic and tourism climatological conditions in the Hunter Region—one of Australia’s most popular tourist destinations. In the Hunter Region, generally, temperatures below 15°C occur from April through October, temperatures less than 25°C are expected throughout the whole year, while humidity sits around 50%. As expected, large differences between air temperature and physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) were clearly identified. The widest differences were seen in summer time rather than in the winter period. In addition, cold stress was observed less than 10% of the time in winter while around 40–60% of heat stress was observed in summer time. This correlates with the highest numbers of international visitors, who usually seek a warmer weather, at the beginning of summer time (November and December) and also to the number of domestic visitors, who tend to seek cooler places for recreation and leisure, in late summer (January–March). It was concluded that thermal bioclimate assessment such as PET and CTIS can be applied in the Hunter region, and that local governments and the tourism industry should take an integrated approach to providing more relevant weather and climate information for both domestic and international tourists in the near future.


Physiologically equivalent temperature Thermal comfort Tourism climatology Climate-Tourism-Information-Scheme Australia 



The authors would like to thank Bureau of Meteorology, Australia for providing daily climate data between 1995 and 2008 and Sam Hewson for her proof reading.


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Copyright information

© ISB 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health, Sydney Medical SchoolUniversity of SydneyNSWAustralia
  2. 2.Meteorological InstituteAlbert-Ludwigs-University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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