International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 51, Issue 5, pp 375–382 | Cite as

Prediction of air temperature for thermal comfort of people in outdoor environments

  • Jianhua Huang
Original Article


Current thermal comfort indices do not take into account the effects of wind and body movement on the thermal resistance and vapor resistance of clothing. This may cause public health problem, e.g. cold-related mortality. Based on the energy balance equation and heat exchanges between a clothed body and the outdoor environment, a mathematical model was developed to determine the air temperature at which an average adult, wearing a specific outdoor clothing and engaging in a given activity, attains thermal comfort under outdoor environment condition. The results indicated low clothing insulation, less physical activity and high wind speed lead to high air temperature prediction for thermal comfort. More accurate air temperature prediction is able to prevent wearers from hypothermia under cold conditions.


Human body Outdoor environment Clothing Thermal comfort Model 


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Copyright information

© ISB 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Textile and MaterialWuhan University of Science and EngineeringWuhanChina

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