Stochastic inverse modeling and global sensitivity analysis to assist interpretation of drilling mud losses in fractured formations
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This study is keyed to enhancing our ability to characterize naturally fractured reservoirs through quantification of uncertainties associated with fracture permeability estimation. These uncertainties underpin the accurate design of well drilling completion in heterogeneous fractured systems. We rely on monitored temporal evolution of drilling mud losses to propose a non-invasive and quite inexpensive method to provide estimates of fracture aperture and fracture mud invasion together with the associated uncertainty. Drilling mud is modeled as a yield power law fluid, open fractures being treated as horizontal planes intersecting perpendicularly the wellbore. Quantities such as drilling fluid rheological properties, flow rates, pore and dynamic drilling fluid pressure, or wellbore geometry, are often measured and available for modeling purposes. Due to uncertainty associated with measurement accuracy and the marked space–time variability of the investigated phenomena, we ground our study within a stochastic framework. We discuss (a) advantages and drawbacks of diverse stochastic calibration strategies and (b) the way the posterior probability densities (conditional on data) of model parameters are affected by the choice of the inverse modeling approach employed. We propose to assist stochastic model calibration through results of a moment-based global sensitivity analysis (GSA). The latter enables us to investigate the way parameter uncertainty influences key statistical moments of model outputs and can contribute to alleviate computational costs. Our results suggest that combining moment-based GSA with stochastic model calibration can lead to significant improvements of fractured reservoir characterization and uncertainty quantification.
KeywordsStochastic calibration Drilling mud losses Parameter uncertainty Global sensitivity analysis Fractured formations
The Authors acknowledge funding from Geolog Srl (Project: Feedback between mud losses and fractures during along wellbores in fractured formations).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest in preparing this article.
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