Isolation and characterisation of Ty1-copia retrotransposons from Pongamia pinnata
This manuscript mainly deals about the diversity and transcriptional activity of Ty1-copia in Pongamia genome.
Pongamia pinnata, a leguminous tree, is popularly known for its biodiesel and medicinal application. However, the structure and the composition of Pongamia nuclear genome are largely unknown. Ty1-copia elements occupy a significant fraction of the plant genome and are responsible for sequence organisation. Here, we have isolated the reverse transcriptase (RT) and RNase H domain of Ty1-copia from Pongamia. In total, 28 Ty1-copia RT sequences were isolated with high levels of sequence heterogeneity. Besides this, the Ty1-copia like elements were also identified in the mitochondrial genome and in the transcriptome library. The analysis revealed that transcriptional activity of Ty1-copia element exists in leaf, root, and seed of salt-stressed and control plants. Dot blot hybridisation reveals that Ty1-copia like retrotransposons occupy around 8.5% of the haploid genome of Pongamia and the phylogenetic study categorised this class of retrotransposons into seven different lineages. These results are useful in understanding the diversity of Ty1-copia lineages and their transcriptional activity present in different tissues of Pongamia.
KeywordsPongamia pinnata Retrotransposons Reverse transcriptase Transcriptome Ty1-copia
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
None of the authors have any conflict of interest to declare.
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