Response of daily stem radial growth of Platycladus orientalis to environmental factors in a semi-arid area of North China
- 490 Downloads
The daily stem radial growth of P. orientalis during the main growing period in semi-arid areas of North China is mainly limited by moisture availability.
Finer resolution studies of tree stem radial growth on short temporal scales can be useful for exploring the main environmental variables that trigger radial growth. The objective of this study was to determine the most important environmental factors that impact the intra-annual radial growth of Platycladus orientalis (Linn.) Franco in a semi-arid area of North China. The stem radial growth of P. orientalis was studied daily during the growing season (May to October 2013) using high-resolution automatic point dendrometers. Our results showed that the daily stem radial increment (SRI) of P. orientalis during the main growing period was primarily impacted by relative air humidity, precipitation, vapor pressure deficit and daily maximum air temperature. Those environmental factors mainly influenced the moisture availability to the trees, thereby affecting their daily stem radial growth. The rapid release of stem radial growth was observed when heavy precipitation events occurred after a drought period. The maximum stem growth rate of P. orientalis was observed in early August and was regulated by soil water content in the summer; this was regarded as an adaptation to the local climate conditions. Our results have further implications for sensitivity analyses of tree growth to climate changes in semi-arid areas.
KeywordsPlatycladus orientalis Dendrometer Stem radial increment Climate–growth relations Semi-arid area
Author contribution statement
Study conception and design: J.Y. and D.M.Y. Acquisition of data: W.B.Q., W.M.C., H.Y.M. and W.B. Analysis and interpretation of data: W.B.Q. and D.M.Y. Drafting of manuscript: J.Y., W.B.Q. and D.M.Y.
This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41401061, 41171067, 41271059), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2013NT63), and the Special Basic Research Program of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology of China (No. 2011FY110300). The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their invaluable suggestions.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Abe H, Nakai T (1999) Effect of the water status within a tree on tracheid morphogenesis in Cryptomeria japonica D-Don. Trees 14:124–129Google Scholar
- Dong MY, Jiang Y, Zhang WT, Yang YG, Yang HC (2011) Effect of alpine treeline conditions on the response of the stem radial variation of Picea meyeri Rebd. et Wils. to environmental factors. Pol J Ecol 59:729–739Google Scholar
- Downes G, Beadle C, Worledge D (1999) Daily stem growth patterns in irrigated Eucalyptus globulus and E. nitens in relation to climate. Trees 14:102–111Google Scholar
- Fritts HC, Shatz DJ (1975) Selecting and characterizing tree-ring chronologies for dendroclimatic analysis. Tree Ring Bull 35:31–46Google Scholar
- Guo ZJ, Song XD, Zhao HG (2007) Biomass and soil characteristics of Hippophae rhamnoides and Platycladus oriental in mixed forest and its root system distribution. Bull Soil Water Conservat 27:18–23 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Huang RF, Zhao YK, Lv JX, Bao FC (2006) Response of ring width and ring density of Platycladus orientalis to climate change in Beijing. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 42:78–82 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
- Michelot A, Simard S, Rathgeber C, Dufrene E, Damesin C (2012) Comparing the intra-annual wood formation of three European species (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea and Pinus sylvestris) as related to leaf phenology and non-structural carbohydrate dynamics. Tree Physiol 32:1033–1045PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Oribe Y, Funada R, Kubo T (2003) Relationships between cambial activity, cell differentiation and the localization of starch in storage tissues around the cambium in locally heated stems of Abies sachalinensis (Schmidt) Masters. Trees 17:185–192Google Scholar
- Popescu O, Parascan D, Marcu M (1968) On the annual course of radial growth of beech. Allg Forst Jagdztg 139:190–195 (in German)Google Scholar
- Tang HP, Zhang XS (2003) Establishment of optimized eco-productive paradigm in the farming-pastoral zone of northern China. Acta Bot Sin 45:1166–1173Google Scholar
- Tian JH, He KN, Wang BT, Guo H, Zhang WQ, Yin J (2005) Diurnal course of gas exchange and water use efficiency of Platycladus orientalis in a semi-arid region of the Loess Plateau. J Beijing For Uni 27:42–46 (in Chinese)Google Scholar