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Trees

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 697–705 | Cite as

The variability of different larch clone provenances on the response to the attack by its main pests and fungal diseases

  • Alina Vîlcan
  • Ioan Tăut
  • Liviu Holonec
  • Lucica MihalteEmail author
  • Radu E. Sestras
Original Paper

Abstract

A wide range of pests and diseases attacks larch, and over 3 years in an orchard in north-western Romania, the most frequently occurring were larch needle disease (Hypodermella laricis), the case-bearer (Coleophora laricella) and woolly adelgid (Adelges laricis) insects. Their attack on seven larch clones obtained through selection from different geographic populations from Romania was studied. To evaluate the attack intensity, four branches per tree were analysed in the upper, middle and lower third of the crowns in all cardinal directions. According to the position in the crown, a high attack intensity by H. laricis was recorded on the branches in the north direction. A high intensity of C. laricella attack was registered on the upper third of the crown, especially in the east, west and south directions. A positive relationship was identified between the damaged sprouts caused by the C. laricella and A. laricis attack. The differences among the reaction of the clones and the heritability coefficients illustrated that the response to the attacks had a strong genetic determinism, with resistance being clearly influenced by genotype. In addition to the identification of gene sources that are useful for larch breeding, this study offers technical information about the potential to develop efficient treatments based on the attacks on the tree crowns.

Keywords

Disease attack Heritability Larch clones Pest attack 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alina Vîlcan
    • 1
  • Ioan Tăut
    • 1
  • Liviu Holonec
    • 1
  • Lucica Mihalte
    • 1
    Email author
  • Radu E. Sestras
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary MedicineCluj-NapocaRomania

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