, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 1031–1044 | Cite as

Characteristics of Acacia mangium shoot apical meristems in natural and in vitro conditions in relation to heteroblasty

  • Clemence Hatt
  • François Mankessi
  • Jean-Baptiste Durand
  • Frédéric Boudon
  • Fabienne Montes
  • Marc Lartaud
  • Jean-Luc Verdeil
  • Olivier MonteuuisEmail author
Original Paper


Morphological and histocytological characteristics of Acacia mangium shoot apical meristems (SAMs) were assessed in natural and in vitro conditions in relation to heteroblasty. In the natural environment, SAMs with a mature-phyllode morphology were much bigger, contained more cells with larger vacuolated area, or vacuome, and lower nucleoplasmic ratios than those from the juvenile type (Juv). In these latter, nuclei appeared more voluminous, evenly and lightly stained, with clearly distinguishable nucleolei and less abundant chromocenters. In vitro, where reversions from mature to juvenile morphological traits do occur unpredictably, heteroblasty was less obvious in the SAM characteristics examined. In vitro SAMs corresponding to the juvenile and mature types showed similarities with outdoor Juv SAMs, but could be distinguished from these latter by a much larger vacuome that might be induced by the culture conditions. These findings encourage pursuing the investigations at the chromatin and nucleolus level in SAM zones where heteroblasty-related differences have been detected.


Ageing Development Histocytology Juvenile Leaf morphology Mature Phase change Phyllode Rejuvenation SAM 



The authors are indebted to ATP CIRAD “Méristèmes” for financial contribution to this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clemence Hatt
    • 1
    • 4
  • François Mankessi
    • 2
  • Jean-Baptiste Durand
    • 3
  • Frédéric Boudon
    • 3
  • Fabienne Montes
    • 1
  • Marc Lartaud
    • 1
  • Jean-Luc Verdeil
    • 1
  • Olivier Monteuuis
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.CIRAD-BIOSUMR AGAP PHIV-MRIMontpellier Cedex 5France
  2. 2.CRDPIPointe-NoireCongo
  3. 3.CIRAD-BIOSUMR AGAP and INRIA, Virtual PlantsMontpellier Cedex 5France
  4. 4.CIRAD-BIOSUMR AGAPMontpellier Cedex 5France

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