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, 20:619 | Cite as

Effects of a nutrient pulse supply on nutrient status of the Mediterranean trees Quercus ilex subsp. ballota and Pinus halepensis on different soils and under different competitive pressure

  • J. Sardans
  • F. Rodà
  • J. Peñuelas
Original Article

Abstract

Nutrient availability is a key factor in Mediterranean ecosystems that affects the primary productivity and the community structure. The great variability of its natural availability is now increasing due to frequent fires, pollution events and changes in rainfall regime associated to climate change. Quercus ilex ssp. ballota and Pinus halepensis are the most abundant tree species in the NW Mediterranean basin. They frequently compete in the early and middle successional stages. We investigated the effects of N and P pulse supplies on nutrient uptake capacity in these two species in an after-fire field area and in nursery conditions on different soil types and competing conditions. In the field, N fertilisation had weak effects on nutrient concentration and mineralomass likely as a consequence of this nutrient not being limiting in this field site whereas P fertilisation increased the P mineralomass and the Mg, S, Fe, K and Ca concentrations and mineralomass in the different biomass fractions of both species 1 and 3 years after fertilisation application. In the nursery experiments, P fertilisation increased the mineralomass and concentrations of P, Mg, S, Fe, K and Ca in all biomass fractions including the roots in both species and in different soils and competition conditions. The increment of nutrient mineralomass was due to both the increase of growth and of nutrient concentrations. Both species were able to absorb significant amounts of the P applied by fertilisation (between 5 and 20%) in short time (18 months). Competing vegetation decreased the positive effects of P fertilisation, and in many cases the negative effect of competing vegetation on nutrient mineralomass was stronger when P availability was increased by fertilisation. Q. ilex subsp ballota showed a greater competitive ability for P than the more pioneer species Pinus halepensis in the field but not in the nursery conditions. Pinus halepensis had greater nutrient mineralomass in calcareous than in siliceous soils. Q. ilex subsp. ballota had a higher root biomass allocation and root nutrient allocation than P. halepensis, but both species showed a high capacity to increase their nutrient uptake when its availability increased by fertilisation, thus assuring a great nutrient reserve for future growth periods and contributing to retain nutrients in the ecosystem.

Keywords

Competition Phosphorus Mediterranean Soil Nutrient pulse 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Spanish MEC projects AMB 95-0247, REN 2003-0478 and CGL2004-01402/BOS, the EC Integrated FP6 ALARM (GOCE-CT-2003-506675) Project, the Fundación Banco de Bilbao Vizcaya 2004 grant and the Catalan Government grant SGR2005-00312.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unitat d’Ecofisiologia CSIC-CEAB-CREAFCREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica d’Aplicació Forestal), Edifici C, Universitat Autònoma BarcelonaBellaterra (Barcelona)Spain
  2. 2.Unitat d’Ecologia, CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica d’Aplicació Forestal)Departament Biología Animal, Biología Vegetal i Ecología, Edifici C, Universitat Autònoma BarcelonaBellaterra (Barcelona)Spain

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