, 20:383 | Cite as

Dendrochronology of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) from two range centres in lowland Poland

  • Marcin Koprowski
  • Andrzej Zielski
Original Article


In Europe, spruce grows in two main regions which meet in Poland, one to the north and east, the other to the south and west. The northeastern area ranges from the northern treeline extending from Norway to Siberia, to southern Sweden, north-eastern Poland and the southern Ural mountains. The southwestern spruce region reaches the mountainous areas of the Alps and the Balkans, the mountains and uplands of the Sudety Mountains, the Carpathians and neighbouring lowlands. Opinions about the distribution of Norway spruce have changed over the years, and its scarcity in the centre of Poland has been strongly debated. The favoured current theory is that Norway spruce once had a continuous distribution in Poland. It is assumed that the rare occurrence in the central Polish lowland is due to a combination of unfavourable soil conditions and previous management activity. The main aim of this work was to analyse climate–growth relationships of Norway spruce in eastern Poland and distinguish regions with similar increment patterns with regards to spruce range. Spruce growth in northern Polish sites is positively correlated with rainfall from May to July. Tree-ring widths in southern sites are more correlated with March temperature. Selected homogenous regions are the same as range types. Trees from the so-called “spruceless area” seem to have similar climate–growth relationships to trees from the southern region. This finding does not settle the question of the origin of the trees, but it does indicate that similar environmental conditions exist in these two areas and proves that the climate was not a limiting factor there.


Picea abies Poland Dendrochronology Dendroclimatology Statistical analysis 



We thank Martin Bridge for checking the English version and comments on the manuscript. The research was supported by the Polish Committee for Scientific Research No. 3PO6L 048 23 and by the Institute of Ecology and Environment Protection of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dendrochronological LaboratoryInstitute of Ecology and Environment Protection, Nicolaus Copernicus UniversityTorunPoland

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