Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis in pediatric peritoneal dialysis patients
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The aim of this study was to define the incidence and characteristics of sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) in pediatric peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in Japan. A questionnaire was sent to all dialysis units with at least two pediatric PD patients. Among 687 patients registered, 11 cases (1.6%) of SEP were diagnosed. The mean age of patients with SEP at the start of PD was 9.7±3.6 years and at SEP diagnosis, 19.1±3.8 years. All patients had undergone PD for more than 5 years, and the mean PD duration was 9.6±3.3 years. SEP was diagnosed in 6.6% and 12% of patients dialyzed for >5 years and >8 years, respectively. The incidence of peritonitis among patients with SEP was not different from that among the Japanese pediatric registry. All patients had virtually no residual urine volume and 9 had impaired peritoneal ultrafiltration. Peritoneal calcification was the most-frequent radiological finding. Peritoneal biopsy was performed in 7 patients and confirmed sclerotic peritonitis in all. Ten patients transferred to hemodialysis, and only 1 patient underwent surgery. Three patients died. We recommend that patients on PD for more than 5 years who have impaired peritoneal ultrafiltration or peritoneal calcification should be carefully managed as presumptive cases of SEP.
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