Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 560–564 | Cite as

Post-dysenteric hemolytic uremic syndrome in children during an epidemic of Shigella dysentery in Kwazulu/Natal

  • Rajendra Bhimma
  • Nigel C. Rollins
  • Hoosen M. Coovadia
  • Miriam Adhikari
Original article

Abstract.

We report 81 of 107 cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), admitted between July 1994 and February 1996, following an outbreak of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 dysentery in Kwazulu/Natal. All patients, excluding 1, were black with a mean age of 38 months (range 1 – 121); 50 (61.7%) were males. The mean duration of dysentery was 11.3 days (range 1 – 41) and HUS 15 days (range 1 – 91). Most patients had acute oliguric renal failure (90.1%); 42 (51.6%) required peritoneal dialysis. Complications included encephalopathy 30 (37.0%), convulsions 12 (14.8%) and hemiplegia 2 (2.3%), gastrointestinal perforation 8 (9.9%), protein losing enteropathy 26 (32.1%), toxic megacolon 4 (4.9%), rectal prolapse 5 (6.2%), hepatitis 11 (13.6%), myocarditis 5 (6.2%), congestive cardiac failure 3 (3.7%), cardiomyopathy 3 (3.7%), infective endocarditis 1 (1.2%), septicemia 15 (18.5%), disseminated intravascular coagulation 17 (21%). Leukemoid reactions were found in 74 (91.3%) patients, hyponatremia in 56 (69.1%), and hypoalbuminemia in 67 (82.7%). Stool culture for Shigella dysenteriae type I was positive in only 7 (8.6%) patients; Shiga toxin assays were not performed. Outcome was as follows: recovery 32 (39.5%), impaired renal function 8 (9.9%), chronic renal failure 26 (32.1%), end-stage renal disease 1 (1.2%), and death 14 (17.3%) patients.

Key words: Hemolytic uremic syndrome Renal failure Dysentery Encephalopathy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© IPNA - International Pediatric Nephrology Association New York, USA 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajendra Bhimma
    • 1
  • Nigel C. Rollins
    • 1
  • Hoosen M. Coovadia
    • 1
  • Miriam Adhikari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Faculty of Medicine, Natal, South AfricaZA

Personalised recommendations