Analysis of muscle strength and bone structure in children with renal disease
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Bone structure and muscular strength of 30 children with renal disease were investigated by peripheral computed tomography and grip strength. Sixteen children suffered from nephrotic syndrome (NS) and had previously been treated with corticosteroids. Fourteen children suffered from chronic renal failure (CRF) ranging from mild renal failure to end-stage renal disease. Six children had received kidney transplants and corticosteroids for immunosuppression. There was a significant decrease in grip strength of children with NS (SD –0.91± 1.5; P=0.042) and children with CRF (SD –1.38±1.4; P<0.001) compared with normal children. Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between cortical area and grip strength in all children with renal disease (r=0.92; P<0.0001). Trabecular bone mineral density did not correlate well with grip strength. These findings resemble results found in healthy children. Trabecular bone mineral density was significantly elevated in children with CRF compared with normal children (SD 1.14±1.4; P=0.008).Grip strength as a marker of muscle mass and cortical area as a marker of bone strength correlate well in children with renal disease, similar to the correlation in healthy children. Grip strength is significantly lower in children with NS and CRF compared with normal children. These data suggest that muscular impairment could be involved in renal osteopathy.
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