Moving on: transitioning young people with chronic kidney disease to adult care
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Advances in the care of children mean that adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are surviving to adulthood and requiring transition to adult care. The transition phase is well-recognised to be associated with considerable excess morbidity and graft loss, but these outcomes may be avoidable through a structured transition programme. This review will discuss the (1) challenges encountered by patients with CKD, caregivers and clinicians during transition; (2) predictors and outcomes of transition; (3) current guidelines on transition from paediatric to adult renal services; (4) interventions and research directions that may help to improve the care and outcomes for young people with CKD in transition. In spite of the substantial improvement in health gains required for this disadvantaged population, there is to date only limited evidence on the effects of current transition programmes.
KeywordsAdolescent Child Chronic renal insufficiency Graft survival Kidney transplantation Transition to adult care Young adult
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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