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Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 935–945 | Cite as

Amniotic fluid cells: current progress and emerging challenges in renal regeneration

Review

Abstract

Amniotic fluid (AF) contains a heterogeneous population of cells that have been identified to possess pluripotent and progenitor-like characteristics. These cells have been applied in various regenerative medicine applications ranging from in vitro cell differentiation to tissue engineering to cellular therapies for different organs including the heart, the liver, the lung, and the kidneys. In this review, we examine the different methodologies used for the derivation of amniotic fluid stem cells and renal progenitors, and their application in renal repair and regeneration. Moreover, we discuss the recent achievements and newly emerging challenges in our understanding of their biology, their immunoregulatory characteristics, and their paracrine-mediated therapeutic potential for the treatment of acute and chronic kidney diseases.

Keywords

Amniotic fluid stem cells Renotropic factors Kidney disease Stem cell therapy Renoprotection 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© IPNA 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GOFARR Laboratory for Organ Regenerative Research and Cell Therapeutics, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, Division of Urology, Saban Research InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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