Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 2003–2013

Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction by tissue Doppler echocardiography in pediatric chronic kidney disease

  • Ylva Tranæus Lindblad
  • Jonas Axelsson
  • Rita Balzano
  • Georgios Vavilis
  • Milan Chromek
  • Gianni Celsi
  • Peter Bárány
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Myocardial dysfunction is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and related to poor outcomes. New non-invasive methods to assess cardiac function have been introduced, but comparative studies evaluating their clinical usefulness in pediatric CKD are lacking. We studied left ventricular (LV) function in pediatric CKD and renal transplant patients, comparing conventional pulse-wave Doppler echocardiography (cPWD) with newer tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and relating the results to known cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods

The study included 34 children/adolescents with CKD stages 2–5, 44 renal transplant patients and 19 patients with a normal renal function. The mean age was 11.4 (range 0.8–18.8) years.

Results

Both patient groups had significantly lower LV diastolic function than those with a normal renal function. The most sensitive determinants were TDI E′/A′ and cPWD E/TDI E′ ratios. In a stepwise linear regression analysis, high blood pressure, young age and the presence of albuminuria all independently predicted LV diastolic function.

Conclusions

Our study confirms the high prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in pediatric CKD patients and following renal transplantation, where TDI appears to be more sensitive than cPWD in assessing early myocardial dysfunction. Our results also underline the importance of preventive measures, such as rigorous blood pressure control, in pediatric CKD.

Keywords

Pediatric CKD Renal transplant TDI cPWD Myocardial dysfunction 

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Copyright information

© IPNA 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ylva Tranæus Lindblad
    • 1
    • 5
  • Jonas Axelsson
    • 3
  • Rita Balzano
    • 4
  • Georgios Vavilis
    • 4
  • Milan Chromek
    • 1
  • Gianni Celsi
    • 1
  • Peter Bárány
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC)Karolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Division of Renal Medicine, CLINTECKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Renal Research Group, Department of Molecular Medicine and SurgeryKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Clinical Physiology, Department of Laboratory MedicineKarolinska InstitutetStockholmSweden
  5. 5.Astrid Lindgren Pediatric Hospital HuddingeKarolinska University Hospital HuddingeStockholmSweden

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