Ventriculoperitoneal shunts in children on peritoneal dialysis: a survey of the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network
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The aim of this study was to inform best evidence-based practice by collating and disseminating the experiences of members of the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network with children having concurrent ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS) and peritoneal dialysis catheters (PDC).
An online questionnaire was created and distributed to all 135 centers participating in the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network; the overall response rate was 56 %.
A total of 18 patients with a concurrent VPS and PDC were reported. The children were 0–12 (mean 6.8) years old at the time of placement of the second indwelling device (PDC or VPS). In 15 cases, the PDC was inserted post-VPS. On average, the two catheters were present concurrently for 23 (range 1–60) months. There were 20 episodes of peritonitis observed in 11 of the 18 patients during a period of 392 months at risk, which is a peritonitis rate of 1/19.6 months. Only one patient developed both a VPS infection and an episode of peritonitis, and these events were temporally unrelated. No episodes of an ascending shunt infection or meningitis occurred in association with any episode of peritonitis, and no other complications of catheter dysfunction were described.
The rate of peritonitis, the absence of any documented ascending or descending infections and the lack of catheter dysfunction during the period of observation suggests that the presence of, or need for, a VPS should not preclude PD as a safe option for children requiring renal replacement therapy.
KeywordsPediatric Renal replacement therapy Spina bifida Hydrocephalus Intraperitoneal pressure
- 10.North American Pediatric Renal Trials and Collaborative Studies (NAPRTCS) (2011) Annual dialysis report. NAPRTCS, Boston. http://web.emmes.com/study/annlrept/annualrept2011.pdf.