Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 27, Issue 9, pp 1565–1574 | Cite as

Left ventricular function in children and adults after renal transplantation in childhood

  • Asle HirthEmail author
  • Nicola C. Edwards
  • Gottfried Greve
  • Trine Tangeraas
  • Eva Gerdts
  • Kjetil Lenes
  • Gunnar Norgård
Original Article



Renal transplantation improves left ventricular (LV) function, but cardiovascular mortality remains elevated. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether subclinical abnormalities of LV longitudinal function also persist in patients who underwent renal transplant in childhood.


Conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography was performed in 68 renal transplant recipients (34 children and 34 adults, median 9.8 years (range 2.0–28.4 years) after first transplantation and 68 age- and sex-matched healthy controls.


Mean age at first transplantation was 8.8 ± 4.8 years. Forty-three percent had a pre-emptive transplant. Of the remaining, 70% received haemodialysis and 30% peritoneal dialysis on average for 6.9 months. Thirty-one percent of paediatric and 35% of adult patients had hypertension. LV mass index was increased in adult patients (92 ± 24 vs 75 ± 11 g/m2, P< 0.01). LV diastolic function and exercise capacity were impaired in both paediatric and adult patients. LV longitudinal peak systolic strain and strain rate were comparable in patients and controls. In multivariate analysis, systolic blood pressure and LV diastolic relaxation were the main covariates of LV peak systolic strain and strain rate (all P < 0.01).


Patients who underwent renal transplantation in childhood have abnormal LV diastolic function and impaired exercise capacity, despite preserved LV longitudinal systolic deformation.


Cardiovascular disease Children Speckle tracking Cardiac function Deformation Diastolic function 



The authors gratefully acknowledge patients and parents for their participation, and Reinhard Seifert for statistical support. The study was supported by grants from the Foundation of Renée and Bredo Grimsgaard and The Red Cross Organization, Oslo, Norway.


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Copyright information

© IPNA 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asle Hirth
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nicola C. Edwards
    • 3
  • Gottfried Greve
    • 1
    • 4
  • Trine Tangeraas
    • 5
  • Eva Gerdts
    • 4
    • 6
  • Kjetil Lenes
    • 5
  • Gunnar Norgård
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Clinical MedicineUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of PaediatricsHaukeland University HospitalBergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital BirminghamBirminghamUnited Kingdom
  4. 4.Department of Heart DiseaseHaukeland University HospitalBergenNorway
  5. 5.Department of Paediatric MedicineOslo University HospitalRikshospitaletNorway
  6. 6.Institute of MedicineUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

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