Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 1005–1016 | Cite as

Molecular anatomy of the kidney: what have we learned from gene expression and functional genomics?

  • Bree Rumballe
  • Kylie Georgas
  • Lorine Wilkinson
  • Melissa LittleEmail author


The discipline of paediatric nephrology encompasses the congenital nephritic syndromes, renal dysplasias, neonatal renal tumours, early onset cystic disease, tubulopathies and vesicoureteric reflux, all of which arise due to defects in normal kidney development. Indeed, congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) represent 20–30% of prenatal anomalies, occurring in 1 in 500 births. Developmental biologists have studied the anatomical and morphogenetic processes involved in kidney development for the last five decades. However, with the advent of transgenic mice, the sequencing of the genome, improvements in mutation detection and the advent of functional genomics, our understanding of the molecular basis of kidney development has grown significantly. Here we discuss how the advent of new genetic and genomics approaches has added to our understanding of kidney development and paediatric renal disease, as well as identifying areas in which we are still lacking knowledge.


Functional genomics Gene expression Kidney development Metanephros Mesonephros Microarray Pronephros 


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Copyright information

© IPNA 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bree Rumballe
    • 1
  • Kylie Georgas
    • 1
  • Lorine Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Melissa Little
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Molecular BioscienceThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia

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