Expression of mRNA for functional molecules in urinary sediment in glomerulonephritis
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- Tsugawa, K., Oki, E., Suzuki, K. et al. Pediatr Nephrol (2008) 23: 395. doi:10.1007/s00467-007-0683-z
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Recent studies have suggested that gene expression studies using urinary sediment might be a non-invasive approach to assessing activity and pathogenesis in glomerulonephritis. However, little information is available regarding the mRNA expression patterns of functional molecules, such as T-bet, GATA-3, FOXP3, and retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I), in urinary sediment, from patients with immunocomplex-mediated glomerulonephritis. Fourteen lupus nephritis (LN) patients, 13 IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients, and 12 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The mRNA expressions of T-bet, GATA-3, FOXP3 and RIG-I in urinary sediment were measured using real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We also studied the expression of RIG-I in kidney tissue specimens obtained from LN and IgAN patients. Significant differences in the expression patterns of GATA-3, FOXP3 and RIG-I, and marginal differences in T-bet expression, were observed between the three study groups. Immunofluorescent staining for RIG-I was observed in the tissue specimens from the LN patients, but not in those from the IgAN patients. The mRNA expression patterns of T-bet, GATA-3, FOXP3 and RIG-I in urinary sediment differ according to diagnostic category. These results suggest that the measurement of these target gene expressions might be a useful, non-invasive method for clinical monitoring and studying of pathogenesis in glomerulonephritis.