Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp 844–848 | Cite as

Predictive value of clinical and laboratory variables for vesicoureteral reflux in children

  • Alper Soylu
  • Belde Kasap
  • Korcan Demir
  • Mehmet Türkmen
  • Salih Kavukçu
Original Article


We aimed to determine the predictability of clinical and laboratory variables for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children with urinary tract infection (UTI). Data of children with febrile UTI who underwent voiding cystoureterography between 2002 and 2005 were evaluated retrospectively for clinical (age, gender, fever ≥38.5°C, recurrent UTI), laboratory [leukocytosis, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), pyuria, serum creatinine (SCr)] and imaging (renal ultrasonography) variables. Children with VUR (group 1) vs. no VUR (group 2) and children with high-grade (III–V) VUR (group 3) vs. no or low-grade (I–II) VUR (group 4) were compared. Among 88 patients (24 male), 38 had VUR and 21 high-grade VUR. Fever ≥38.5°C was associated with VUR [odds ratio (OR): 7.5]. CRP level of 50 mg/l was the best cut-off level for predicting high-grade VUR (OR 15.5; discriminative ability 0.89 ± 0.05). Performing voiding cystourethrography based on this CRP level would result in failure to notice 9% of patients with high-grade VUR, whereas 69% of children with no/low-grade VUR would be spared from this invasive test. In conclusion, fever ≥38°C and CRP >50 mg/l seem to be potentially useful clinical predictors of VUR and high-grade VUR, respectively, in pediatric patients with UTI. Further validation of these findings could limit unnecessary voiding cystourethrography.


Urinary tract infection Voiding cystourethrography Vesicoureteral reflux C-reactive protein 


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Copyright information

© IPNA 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alper Soylu
    • 1
  • Belde Kasap
    • 1
  • Korcan Demir
    • 1
  • Mehmet Türkmen
    • 1
  • Salih Kavukçu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of NephrologyDokuz Eylul University, Medical FacultyIzmirTurkey

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