Acute renal failure with encephalopathy following Salmonellaenteritidis infection
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Salmonellosis is one of the major causes of food poisoning in Japan. In general, consumption of food contaminated with non-typhi Salmonella causes acute gastroenterocolitis. However, salmonellosis has also been reported to be associated with development of severe extraintestinal multiorgan complications, including rhabdomyolysis (RM), acute renal failure (ARF), and rarely acute encephalopathy [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. In this paper, we report on a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed ARF with suspected acute encephalopathy following Salmonella enteritidis infection. The patient was under treatment with immunosuppressive agents. Since patients with SLE are at an increased risk of severe infections , this case report may serve to emphasize the importance of prevention of food poisoning and of advocating appropriate hygienic practice in immunocompromised hosts.
A 16-year-old Japanese girl with a 3-year history of SLE with WHO class IV disease was referred to our...
KeywordsSystemic Lupus Erythematosus Acute Renal Failure Blood Urea Nitrogen Cefoperazone Creatinine Kinase