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Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 627–632 | Cite as

Atopy, serum IgE, and interleukin-13 in steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome

  • Wai Cheung
  • Chang-Li Wei
  • Ching-Ching Seah
  • Stanley C. Jordan
  • Hui-Kim Yap
Original Article

Abstract

Earlier studies have demonstrated a strong association of steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome (SRNS), atopy, and elevated serum IgE levels. Interleukin (IL-13) gene expression is significantly increased in children with SRNS in relapse. As interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-13, and IL-4 have regulatory effects on IgE synthesis, we examined the relationship between intracellular cytokine production and serum IgE levels in children with SRNS, in order to further define the reported association with atopy. The median serum IgE levels in nephrotic patients in relapse with (492 U/ml) or without atopy (561 U/ml) were significantly higher than those in remission (221 U/ml, P<0.002 or 90 U/ml, P<0.001, respectively) and non-atopic controls (177 U/ml) (P<0.001). The percentage of CD3+ IL-13-producing cells was significantly higher in nephrotic children in relapse, and correlated with the serum IgE levels during the active phase of the disease (r=0.90, P<0.001). These data suggest that the elevated serum IgE levels during relapses of SRNS were the result of upregulation of IL-13. This probably reflects some common immune activation following various stimuli, rather than a direct association with atopy.

Keywords

Steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome Immunoglobulins Atopy Th1/Th2 cytokine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a grant (NMRC/0083/1995) from the National Medical Research Council, Singapore.

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Copyright information

© IPNA 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wai Cheung
    • 1
  • Chang-Li Wei
    • 1
  • Ching-Ching Seah
    • 1
  • Stanley C. Jordan
    • 2
  • Hui-Kim Yap
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsNational University of SingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Steven Spielberg Pediatric Research Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical CenterUCLA School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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