Soluble adhesion molecules in children and young adults on chronic hemodialysis
Children on chronic hemodialysis (HD) present with impaired immunity that may result from disturbances in leukocyte migration, caused by changes in expression of adhesion molecules on endothelium and immunocompetent cells. However, it is still not clear whether the type of dialyzer or a single dialysis session influences the concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules in these patients. We evaluated by ELISA serum levels of soluble (s) VCAM-1, ICAM-1, L-selectin, and P-selectin in 22 patients on cuprophane HD (CU), 8 on polysulfone HD (PS), 10 on vitamin E-modified cellulose HD (VE), and 15 controls. In all HD patients, sVCAM-1 levels were elevated compared with controls and were higher in CU than in VE. The sICAM-1 concentrations were increased in VE compared with controls, but remained unchanged in CU and PS. The sL-selectin levels were reduced in all HD patients. The mean values of sP-selectin were comparable in CU, PS, and controls. The lowest levels were observed in VE. In CU patients, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, and sP-selectin concentrations rose after HD. A single PS session had no impact on adhesion molecules, whereas a VE session increased the level of sVCAM-1. The type of dialysis membrane may change the profile of adhesion molecule concentrations, thus influencing the immune system of a child on HD. The increase in levels of adhesion molecules in the course of a single HD session, which was pronounced in CU and VE patients, suggests poor biocompatibility of these dialyzers.
KeywordsAdhesion molecules Biocompatibility Hemodialysis Cuprophane Polysulfone Vitamin E-coated membrane
This work was presented at the World Congress of Nephrology in Berlin in 2003.
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