Computational Mechanics

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 317–324 | Cite as

Unilateral buckling of elastically restrained rectangular mild steel plates

  • S. T. Smith
  • M. A. Bradford
  • D. J. Oehlers


 This paper considers the elastic unilateral buckling of rectangular mild steel plates that are restrained elastically and subjected to bending and axial actions. A variational formulation of the Ritz method using linear combinations of harmonic functions for the buckling deformations is used to establish an eigenproblem to determine the plate local buckling coefficients. The motivation for the study is the retrofit of reinforced concrete beams by gluing and then bolting steel plates to the sides of the beam. Such plates, when acting compositely with the concrete beam, are subjected to predominantly bending and axial actions which may cause unilateral local buckling. Whereas the bolts provide complete restraint against buckling at discrete points, the glue may also inhibit local buckling between these nodal points since it acts as a continuous elastic restraint. The influence of the glue stiffness, support conditions and plate proportions on the unilateral buckling of such plates are assessed.


Linear Combination Harmonic Function Mild Steel Steel Plate Variational Formulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. T. Smith
    • 1
  • M. A. Bradford
    • 2
  • D. J. Oehlers
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong KongCN
  2. 2.School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, AustraliaAU
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, AustraliaAU

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