Finite element computation and experimental validation of sloshing in rectangular tanks
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Finite element computation and experimental validation of sloshing in rectangular tanks near the primary and secondary resonance modes are presented. In particular, 2D free-surface evolution is studied. The computational analysis is based on solving the Navier-Stokes equations of incompressible flows with a monolithic solver that includes a stabilized formulation and a Lagrangian tracking technique for updating the free surface. The time-dependent behavior of the numerical and experimental wave heights at different control points are compared, where the experimental data is collected using ultrasonic sensors and a shake table that controls the motion of the rectangular container.