Computational Mechanics

, Volume 51, Issue 6, pp 961–974 | Cite as

A nonlocal continuum damage mechanics approach to simulation of creep fracture in ice sheets

  • Ravindra DudduEmail author
  • Haim Waisman
Original Paper


We present a Lagrangian finite element formulation aimed at modeling creep fracture in ice-sheets using nonlocal continuum damage mechanics. The proposed formulation is based on a thermo-viscoelastic constitutive model and a creep damage model for polycrystalline ice with different behavior in tension and compression. In this paper, mainly, we detail the nonlocal numerical implementation of the constitutive damage model into commercial finite element codes (e.g. Abaqus), wherein a procedure to handle the abrupt failure (rupture) of ice under tension is proposed. Then, we present numerical examples of creep fracture under four-point bending, uniaxial tension, and biaxial tension in order to illustrate the viability of the current approach. Finally, we present simulations of creep crack propagation in idealized rectangular ice slabs so as to estimate calving rates at low deformation rates. The examples presented demonstrate the mesh size and mesh directionality independence of the proposed nonlocal implementation.


Ice mechanics Creep fracture Anisotropic damage Finite element simulation Nonlocal integral 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering MechanicsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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