Port site metastases and recurrence after laparoscopic colectomy
Background: This study was performed to prospectively assess the impact of the laparoscopic approach to the patterns of port site metastases (PSM) and recurrence rate (RR) of resected colon carcinomas as compared with conventional colectomies.
Methods: All patients were included in a prospective randomized trial comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) versus open colectomy (OC) for colon cancer. The randomization was stratified for localization of the lesion. Patients with metastasic disease at the time of the surgery were excluded. Follow-up in the outpatient clinic was done every 3 months for a minimum of 12 months. Endpoints for the study were metastasis at port site and laparotomy incision as well as recurrence rate.
Results: Of 91 segmental colectomies performed from November 1993 to January 1996, there were 44 LAC and 47 OC. Patient data were similar in both groups (age, sex, Dukes stage, type of operation). Mean follow-up was 21.4 months, with a range of 13 to 41 months. There were no wounds or PSM in those series. RR was similar for both groups. For LAC, it was five of 31 (16.1%); for OC, it was six of 40 (15%).
Conclusions: The laparoscopic approach has a recurrence rate similar to that for open procedures for colon cancer. However, additional follow-up of these patients is needed before we can determine whether or not the laparoscopic approach influences overall survival.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.