Successful treatment of a rectal anastomotic stenosis by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) using the contact Nd:YAG laser
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We report the advantage of employing transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) using the contact Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of a rectal anastomotic stenosis. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a postoperative rectal anastomotic stenosis. Twenty months prior to admission, the patient underwent a low anterior resection for the treatment of the rectal cancer using an EEA stapling device. A barium enema and colonoscopy revealed a rectal stenosis, 0.8-cm diameter. This stenosis was at the anastomotic site, approximately 4.0 from the dental line. An endoscopic treatment was performed transanally using the contact Nd:YAG laser. The stenotic rectal wall was fulgurated or vaporized completely. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. We concluded that TEM appears to be a safe and minimally invasive procedure. Furthermore, the contact Nd:YAG laser is very effective in treating the gastrointestinal stenotic area. To our knowledge, this is the first successful report of this novel procedure.
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