Laparoscopic ventral and incisional hernioplasty
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Background: While the first laparoscopic ventral hernia repair was reported in 1992, there have been no studies comparing laparoscopic to conventional ventral herniorrhaphy.
Methods: Twenty-one ventral hernias repaired laparoscopically are compared to a similar group of 16 patients undergoing traditional open repair during a 2-year period. Operative and hospital courses along with outcomes and cost analysis are analyzed.
Results: There was no statistical difference between groups in number of previous abdominal operations, prior hernia repairs, and comorbidities. Patients undergoing open repair were older with larger fascial defects. Open repairs had a shorter operative time as compared to the laparoscopic group, but statistically longer postoperative stays and costs. Postoperative complications occurred in 31% of the open group and 23% of the laparoscopic group. There were two recurrences in each group.
Conclusions: Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy is as safe and effective as the traditional open technique with shorter length of stay and decreased hospital costs.
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