Laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding for morbid obesity
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Background: Laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (LASGB) was used as the initial bariatric procedure for more than 36 months. The efficacy and safety of LASGB were studied. Methods: Patients were followed up prospectively in a multidisciplinary center for the perioperative and long-term courses, and for complications. Results: Between November 1996 and May 1999, 715 patients underwent surgery. The mean age was 34.6 years (range, 16-72) years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 43.1 kg/m2 (range, 35-66 kg/m2). The mean operative time was 78 min (range, 36-165 min), and the postoperative hospitalization time was 1.2 days (range, 1-8 days). There were six intraoperative complications (0.8%), eight early postoperative complications (1.1%), and no deaths. For follow-up evaluation, 614 patients (86%) were available. Late complications included band slippage or pouch dilation in 53 patients (7.4%), band erosion in 3 patients, and port complications in 18 patients. In 57(7.9%) patients, 69 major reoperations were performed. In patients with a follow-up period longer than 24 months, the average BMI dropped from 43.3 kg/m2 (range, 35-66 kg/m2) to 32.1 kg/m2 (range, 21-45 kg/m2). Conclusion: Laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding is safe, with a lower complication rate than any other bariatric procedure. Most reoperations can be performed laparoscopically with low morbidity and short hospitalizations. On the basis of intermediate-term follow-up evaluation, it is an effective procedure for weight-reducing purposes.
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