Comparison of the stress response after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy
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Background: We designed a prospective controlled animal study to compare the stress response induced after laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy.
Methods: Twelve female pigs (20–25 kg body weight) were anesthetized with ketamine, pentobarbital, and fentanyl. The animals were randomized into the following four groups: control (C), pneumoperitoneum with CO2 at 14–15 mmHg (P), laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and open cholecystectomy (OC). The average duration of the procedure in each group was 35 min.
Results: Central venous pressure, mean arterial pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and cardiac output were monitored. Measurements were recorded when animals were anesthetized (baseline), immediately before and after surgery, and thereafter every 30 min for a maximum of 3 h. White blood cell count (WBC) was determined from blood samples taken before and after 3 h of surgery. Ultrasound-guided liver biopsies were done preoperatively and after 3 h of surgery. Total RNA was isolated from the liver biopsy specimens. Steady-state mRNA levels of β-fibrinogen (β-fib), α 1-chymotrypsin inhibitor (α1-CTI), metallothionein (MT), heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), and polyubiquitin (Ub) were detected by Northern blot/hybridization. There were no statistical differences in the hemodynamic parameters among the groups. The number of circulating neutrophils and monocytes decreased only after LC. Expression of Hsp70 was not induced after any surgical procedure, and the mRNA levels of Ub did not change after surgery. The expression of α1-CTI and β-fib (acute phase genes) were similarly increased after LC and OC. Steady-state mRNA levels of MT were slightly increased after P and LC but not after OC.
Conclusion: These data indicate that there are no significant differences between LC and OC in terms of induction of the stress response.
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