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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 267–271 | Cite as

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and interventional endoscopy for gallstone complications during pregnancy

  • P.  Sungler
  • P. M.  Heinerman
  • H.  Steiner
  • H. W.  Waclawiczek
  • J.  Holzinger
  • F.  Mayer
  • A.  Heuberger
  • O.  Boeckl
Article

Abstract

Background: Symptomatic or complicated gallstone disease is the most common reason for nongynecological operations during pregnancy. Gallstones are present in 12% of all pregnancies, and more than one-third of patients fail medical treatment and therefore require surgical endoscopy or laparoscopy. Gallstone pancreatitis and jaundice during pregnancy is associated with a high recurrence rate, exposing both fetus and mother to an increased risk of morbidity and mortality.

Methods: During a 4-year period, all pregnant patients (n= 37) with symptomatic or complicated gallstone disease were studied prospectively at the Landeskrankenhaus in Salzburg, Austria. Five patients had an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) for biliary pancreatitis or jaundice; two of these underwent subsequent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Another seven patients required laparoscopic cholecystectomy for severe pain or cholecystitis; all were in their 13th–32nd gestational week. Access was established by Veress needle in all cases. Insufflation pressure was 8–10 mmHg, and mean operative time was 62 min.

Results: All patients delivered full-term, healthy babies. There were no postendoscopic or postoperative complications. All patients enjoyed full relief from their symptoms; there were no recurrences of pancreatitis or jaundice.

Conclusions: The combination of ERCP and laparoscopic cholecystectomy offers a safe and effective option for the definitive treatment of complicated gallstone disease and intractable pain during pregnancy, and there is sufficient access for the combined treatment to be employed.

Key words: Biliary disease — Cholecystectomy — ERCP — Gallbladder — Laparoscopy — Pancreatitis — Pregnancy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • P.  Sungler
    • 1
  • P. M.  Heinerman
    • 2
  • H.  Steiner
    • 3
  • H. W.  Waclawiczek
    • 1
  • J.  Holzinger
    • 1
  • F.  Mayer
    • 1
  • A.  Heuberger
    • 4
  • O.  Boeckl
    • 1
  1. 1.I. Chirurgische Abteilung und Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut für experimentelle und gastroenterologische Chirurgie, Landeskliniken Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020 Salzburg, AustriaAustria
  2. 2.Sonderauftrag für interventionelle und Laserendoskopie, Landeskliniken Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020 Salzburg, AustriaAustria
  3. 3.Frauenklinik, Landeskliniken Salzburg, Müllner Hauptstraße 48, 5020 Salzburg, AustriaAustria
  4. 4.II. Chirurgische Abteilung, Landeskliniken Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, AustriaAustria

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