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Coagulation and deep vein flow changes following laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair: a single-center, prospective cohort study

  • Chengguang Yang
  • Leiming ZhuEmail author
Article

Abstract

Background and purpose

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious complication encountered in surgical practice. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in coagulation status and deep vein flow parameters, within 24 h postoperatively, for patients undergoing laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair (TEP).

Methods

For 144 patients undergoing TEP, coagulation markers including prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, D-dimer, fibrinogen, fibrin degradation products (FDP), and international normalized ratio (INR) were monitored preoperatively and in the first morning postoperatively. Echo-Doppler recordings preoperatively and again within 24 h postoperatively were completed for 23 patients to monitor lower extremity deep vein flow parameters including speed of flow (cm/s), diameter (cm), and cross-sectional area (cm2). Clinically significant VTE and other complications were recorded.

Results

No significant VTE were diagnosed. Significant increases were seen in the first morning postoperatively for PT, D-dimer, FDP, and INR (P < 0.05). Stratified by age, except for those < 50 years, the ratio of value-outside-the-normal-range (VONR) for D-dimer and FDP increased significantly postoperatively for all age groups. Stratified by operation duration, a significant difference in the ratio of VONR in D-dimer was identified postoperatively between those with an operation duration < 60 min and ≥ 60 min. There were significant decreases in the iliac and common femoral vein flow velocity of the ipsilateral extremity postoperatively (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

Activated hypercoagulability and hampered lower extremity deep vein flow were observed immediately after TEP. DVT formation was more pronounced in older patients and for those with operation duration ≥ 60 min. Proper VTE risk stratification for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) and prophylaxis early after LIHR should be important clinical considerations.

Keywords

Inguinal hernia Total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair Thromboembolism Coagulation status Femoral vein Iliac vein 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosures

Chengguang Yang and Leiming Zhu have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Tongren HospitalJiaoTong University School of MedicineShanghaiChina

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