Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 1403–1411 | Cite as

Effect of combining a recruitment maneuver with protective ventilation on inflammatory responses in video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: a randomized controlled trial

  • Hyun Joo Kim
  • Jeong-Hwa Seo
  • Kyoung-Un Park
  • Young Tae Kim
  • In Kyu Park
  • Jae-Hyon BahkEmail author



We hypothesized that the addition of a recruitment maneuver to protective ventilation (PVRM) would result in lower pulmonary and systemic inflammatory responses than traditional ventilation or protective ventilation (PV) alone in patients undergoing lung surgery.


Sixty patients who underwent scheduled thoracoscopic lobectomy were randomly assigned to three groups: traditional ventilation, PV, or PVRM. Ventilations were performed using a tidal volume of 10 mL/kg for the traditional ventilation group and either 8 mL/kg (two-lung) or 6 mL/kg (one-lung, OLV) with a positive end-expiratory pressure of 5 cm H2O for the PV and PVRM groups. The RM was performed 10 min after the start of OLV. Fiberoptic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed twice in dependent and non-dependent lungs: before the start and immediately after the end of OLV. Blood samples were collected at the same time points. The levels of cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10, were measured.


After OLV, the level of TNF-α in the BAL fluid of dependent lungs was significantly higher in the PV than in the PVRM group (P = 0.049), whereas IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 levels were not significantly different among the groups. In non-dependent lung BAL fluid, no cytokines were significantly different among the groups. After OLV, IL-10 serum levels were significantly higher in the traditional ventilation than in the PVRM group (P = 0.027).


Lower inflammatory responses in the ventilated lung and serum were observed with PVRM than with traditional ventilation or PV alone. Larger multi-center clinical trials are warranted to confirm the effects of different ventilatory strategies on postoperative outcomes.


Bronchoalveolar lavage Cytokines Lung surgery One-lung ventilation Positive-pressure respiration 



The authors are grateful to Ha Yan Kim (Biostatistics Collaboration Unit, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea) for statistical consultation and data analysis. We would like to thank Editage ( for English language editing.

Compliance with ethical standards


Drs. Hyun Joo Kim, Jeong-Hwa Seo, Kyoung-Un Park, Young Tae Kim, In Kyu Park, and Jae-Hyon Bahk have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun Joo Kim
    • 1
  • Jeong-Hwa Seo
    • 2
  • Kyoung-Un Park
    • 3
  • Young Tae Kim
    • 4
  • In Kyu Park
    • 4
  • Jae-Hyon Bahk
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, and Anesthesia and Pain Research InstituteYonsei University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University HospitalSeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Laboratory MedicineSeoul National University Bundang HospitalSeongnam-siSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University HospitalSeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea

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