Reduced port minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy: single-port laparoscopic versus robotic single-site plus one-port distal pancreatectomy
Minimally invasive surgery appears to be developing in multiple directions, including single-port laparoscopic (SPL), single-port robotic, reduced port laparoscopic, or single-site plus one-port robotic approach. The aim of study was to compare the short-term perioperative variables and outcomes of patients undergoing reduced port minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (DP) via the SPL, or robotic single-site plus one-port (RSS + 1) approach.
The medical records of 35 patients were retrospectively reviewed, who underwent SPL-DP (n = 22) or RSS + 1 DP (n = 13) at Korea University Ansan Hospital and Yonsei University Severance Hospital.
The mean operation time in SPL group was significantly higher than that of RSS + 1 group (281 vs 192, p = .001). The mean blood loss in SPL was significantly larger than that of RSS + 1 group (163 vs 12, p = .002). The mean length of free resection margin in SPL group was significantly longer than that of RSS + 1 group (2.1 vs 0.4 cm, p = .001). Spleen was significantly preserved in SPL group (54.5 vs 7.7%, p = .001). All RSS + 1 cases had tumors located near spleen hilum (p < .001). SPL approach had significantly grade IIIa complications (p = .014). Moreover, the mean hospital stay in SPL group was significantly longer than that of RSS + 1 group (14.4 vs 7.4 days, p = .004). Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) was significantly observed in longer operation time (p = .043) and smaller tumor size (p = .037) in the univariate analysis. Higher BMI was significantly important factor for prolonged operation time (p = .034) in the multivariate analysis. Prolonged hospital stay was related to spleen preservation (p = .014) in the multivariate analysis.
Both SPL and RSS + 1 are technically feasible and safe. RSS + 1-DP is superior to SPL-DP in terms of operation time, blood loss, severe complications, and hospital stay. SPL-DP shows advantages in terms of single wound site, less trocar usage, higher rate of spleen preservation, and wider range of operative field.
KeywordsSingle port Laparoscopic Robotic Distal pancreatectomy
Compliance with ethical standards
Drs. Hyung Joon Han and Chang Moo Kang have no conflict of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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