Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 2466–2473 | Cite as

Selective lateral pelvic lymph node dissection: a comparative study of the robotic versus laparoscopic approach

  • Hye Jin Kim
  • Gyu-Seog Choi
  • Jun Seok Park
  • Soo Yeun Park
  • Hee Jae Lee
  • In Taek Woo
  • In Kyu Park
Article

Abstract

Background

Lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPND) is a challenging procedure due to its technical difficulty and higher incidence of surgical morbidity. We compared short-term outcomes between laparoscopic and robotic LPND in patients with rectal cancer.

Methods

Between May 2006 and December 2014, prospectively collected data from consecutive patients undergoing robotic or laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) with LPND were retrospectively compared. Patients’ demographics, perioperative outcomes, functional results, and initial oncologic outcomes were analyzed.

Results

Fifty and 35 patients underwent robotic or laparoscopic TME with LPND, respectively. Bilateral LPND was performed in 10 patients (20%) in the robotic group and 6 (17.1%) in the laparoscopic group. For unilateral pelvic dissection, the mean operative time was not significantly different between groups (robotic vs. laparoscopic group, 41.0 ± 15.8 min vs. 35.3 ± 13.4 min; P = 0.146), but the EBL was significantly lower in the robotic group (34.6 ± 21.9 mL vs. 50.6 ± 23.8 mL; P = 0.002). Two patients (4.0%) in the robotic group and 7 (20.0%) in the laparoscopic group underwent Foley catheter reinsertion for urinary retention postoperatively (P = 0.029). The mean number of harvested lateral pelvic lymph nodes (LPNs) was 6.6 (range 0–25) in the robotic group and 6.4 (range 1–14) in the laparoscopic group. Pathologic LPN metastatic rate was not different between groups (robotic vs. laparoscopic group, 28.0 vs. 41.2%; P = 0.243). During the median follow-up of 26.3 months, overall recurrence rate was not different between groups (robotic vs. laparoscopic group, 30.0 vs. 31.2%; P = 0.850). Three patients (6.0%) in the robotic group and 4 (11.4%) in the laparoscopic group developed local recurrence (P = 0.653).

Conclusions

Robotic TME with LPND is safe and feasible with favorable short-term surgical outcomes.

Keywords

Robotic surgery Lateral pelvic lymph node dissection Laparoscopic surgery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2016R1C1B2016002).

Author contributions

HJK—analysis and writing of the manuscript. G-SC—responsibility to correspondence and study proposal. JSP, SYP, HJL, ITW, and IKP—enrollment of patients, data collection, and study proposal.

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosure

Dr. Hye Jin Kim, Gyu-Seog Choi, Jun Seok Park, Soo Yeun Park, Hee Jae Lee, In Taek Woo, and In Kyu Park have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (WMV 207166 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hye Jin Kim
    • 1
  • Gyu-Seog Choi
    • 1
  • Jun Seok Park
    • 1
  • Soo Yeun Park
    • 1
  • Hee Jae Lee
    • 1
  • In Taek Woo
    • 1
  • In Kyu Park
    • 1
  1. 1.Colorectal Cancer Center, Kyungpook National University Medical Center, School of MedicineKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea

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