Transanal Hartmann’s colostomy reversal assisted by laparoscopy: outcomes of the first 10 patients
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Restoration of intestinal continuity after Hartmann’s procedure is a technically difficult surgery associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study presents the short-term results of a new approach: a transanal Hartmann’s colostomy reversal assisted by laparoscopy.
This is a retrospective analysis of data collected in one tertiary hospital, from October 2013 to November 2015.
During the study period, there were ten cases of transanal Hartmann’s reversal. Reasons for Hartmann’s procedure were: complicated diverticulitis (4), anastomotic leak (3), and recto-sigmoid cancer (3). Rectal stump length was 10.4 ± 4.5 cm. Reconstruction was achieved in all patients. One low colorectal anastomosis was hand-sewn, the other 9 were stapled. Mean operative time was 204 ± 65 min. Diverting loop ileostomies were created in five patients and all were closed during the following year. One case required hand-assistance but there was no conversion to open surgery. Iatrogenic laparoscopic enterotomies occurred in four patients and all were repaired primarily without consequences. Three patients had a total of four post-operative complications: ileus (2), abdominal abscess and wound infection (1). None required reoperation. Mean length of stay was 7.2 ± 4.3 days. One required readmission.
A transanal Hartmann’s reversal assisted by laparoscopy is a new approach for a difficult surgery. It has the potential to be an additional tool in the case of hostile pelvises or with a rectal stump difficult to identify. The surgery remains challenging and indications need to be clarified.
KeywordstaTME Transanal Hartmann Colostomy Reconstruction Laparoscopy
A video was presented at the SAGES 2016 Annual Meeting, March 16–19, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. An eposter was presented at the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery 24th International Congress, June 15–18th, 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands. The authors would like to thank Aischannel.com for the media support.
Compliance with ethical standards
Jean-Sébastien Trépanier, María Clara Arroyave, Raquel Bravo, Marta Jiménez-Toscano, Francisco B. DeLacy, María Fernandez-Hevia and Antonio M. Lacy have no conflict of interest or financial ties to disclose.
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