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Management of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band erosion

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was a popular procedure in the USA and Europe in the past decade. However, its use has currently declined. Band erosion (BE) is a rare complication after LAGB with a reported incidence rate of 1.46 %. Controversies exist regarding the management, approach and timing for the band removal. The aim of this study is to describe the rate, clinical presentation and perioperative outcomes of BEs at our institution and provide overall recommendations regarding the diagnosis and management of BE.

Materials and methods

This study is a single-center, retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database. Data were collected from all consecutive patients who underwent a LAGB and band revisional surgeries at the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System from December 2008 to September 2015. We identified patients who underwent gastric band removal due to a BE and analyzed their outcomes.

Results

A total of 576 LAGBs were performed at our institution. Nine patients underwent surgery for BE at our hospital. The average time between the primary surgery and the removal of the band was 68.5 (42.9) months. Abdominal pain, nausea and/or vomiting were the most frequently mentioned symptoms. In all patients, a minimally invasive approach was used to remove the band. The mean length of hospitalization was 2.6 (1.1) days. The only complication was a pneumonia (n = 1).

Conclusions

BE is one of the most severe complications of LAGB. The minimally invasive approach provided us with the opportunity to repair the fistula, and it was associated with a prompt recovery with very little morbidity. In general, it is recommended that the band be removed at the time of the diagnosis of the BE. Endoscopic band removal can be utilized with patients who have a more advanced BE and migration into the gastric lumen.

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Correspondence to Pablo Quadri.

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Disclosures

Pablo Quadri, Raquel Gonzalez-Heredia, Mario Masrur, Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen and Enrique Elli have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Quadri, P., Gonzalez-Heredia, R., Masrur, M. et al. Management of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band erosion. Surg Endosc 31, 1505–1512 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-016-5183-4

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Keywords

  • Band erosion
  • Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
  • Gastric band complications
  • Band erosion management
  • Gastric band revisional surgery