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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1965–1974 | Cite as

Laparoscopic versus open major hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma: a matched pair analysis

  • Shohei KomatsuEmail author
  • Raffaele Brustia
  • Claire Goumard
  • Fabiano Perdigao
  • Olivier Soubrane
  • Olivier Scatton
Article

Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic major hepatectomy (LMH) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is currently perceived a complex and challenging laparoscopic procedure and is limited to a few expert teams. This study analyzed the short- and long-term outcomes of LMH for HCC compared with open hepatectomy.

Methods

From January 2006 to May 2014, 38 patients underwent LMH for HCC (10 left and 28 right hepatectomy). They were matched and compared to 38 patients (10 left and 28 right hepatectomy) who underwent a conventional open approach. Short-term operative and postoperative outcomes as well as long-term outcomes, including disease-free survival and overall survival rates, were evaluated.

Results

Patients were well matched for several preoperative factors. Overall complication rates were significantly higher for the open group. No significant difference was seen in 3-year overall survival between the open and laparoscopic groups (69.2 vs. 73.4 %; p = 0.951). A trend toward better 3-year disease-free survival after laparoscopy was observed (29.7 vs. 50.3 %; p = 0.219), even though the difference did not reach statistical significance. The same trend was seen in subgroup analyses of right and left hepatectomy.

Conclusions

This study shows the feasibility of LMH for HCC compared to open hepatectomy in regard to both short- and long-term outcomes. LMH offers many advantages commonly attributed to laparoscopy and is well suited for HCC with cirrhosis when performed by experienced surgeons.

Keywords

Laparoscopy Major hepatectomy Hepatocellular carcinoma Matched pair analysis Short-term outcome Long-term outcome 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosures

Drs. Shohei Komatsu, Raffaele Brustia, Claire Goumard, Fabiano Perdigao, Olivier Soubrane, and Olivier Scatton have no conflict of interests or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shohei Komatsu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raffaele Brustia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Claire Goumard
    • 1
  • Fabiano Perdigao
    • 1
  • Olivier Soubrane
    • 3
    • 4
  • Olivier Scatton
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Pitié-Salpêtrière HospitalAssistance Publique Hôpitaux de ParisParisFrance
  2. 2.Université Pierre et Marie CurieParisFrance
  3. 3.Department of Hepatobiliary and Liver Transplantation, Hôpital BeaujonAssistance Publique Hôpitaux de ParisParisFrance
  4. 4.Université Paris VIIClichyFrance

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