Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 29, Issue 8, pp 2072–2076 | Cite as

Professionalism of surgery

  • Arthur L. RawlingsEmail author
  • Phillip P. Shadduck
  • Lelan F. Sillin
  • Peter F. Crookes
  • Bruce V. MacFadyenJr.
  • Marian P. McDonald
  • Kenneth A. Forde
  • John D. Mellinger


There is an increasing interest in medical professionalism, both within the medical community and in the larger public domain. Several groups, including the American Medical Association and the Council of Medical Specialty Societies, have published formal declarations on professionalism. The American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation, the American College of Physicians–American Society of Internal Medicine, and the European Federation of Internal Medicine have jointly developed the “Charter of Medical Professionalism” (Table  1) [ 1]. The Charter, who’s preamble states “Professionalism is the basis of medicine’s contract with society,” has been endorsed by the Board of Regents of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) [ 2] and more than 130 organizations worldwide, and it has been translated into 12 languages [ 3]. The ACS, with its own Professionalism Task Force, has published its “Code of Professional Conduct” (Table  2) [ 4]. A year later the ACS Task Force no longer saw...


Lifelong Learning Unprofessional Behavior Patient Care Activity Primary Care Specialty Fiduciary Responsibility 
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Arthur L. Rawlings, Phillip P. Shadduck, Lelan F. Sillin, Peter F. Crookes, Bruce V. MacFadyen Jr., Marian P. McDonald, Kenneth A. Forde, and John D. Mellinger have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur L. Rawlings
    • 1
    Email author
  • Phillip P. Shadduck
    • 2
  • Lelan F. Sillin
    • 3
  • Peter F. Crookes
    • 4
  • Bruce V. MacFadyenJr.
    • 5
  • Marian P. McDonald
    • 6
  • Kenneth A. Forde
    • 7
  • John D. Mellinger
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Surgery and Center for Health EthicsUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryDuke Regional Hospital and Duke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryLahey ClinicBurlingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Texas HoustonHoustonUSA
  6. 6.Department of SurgerySt Luke’s University Health SystemAllentownUSA
  7. 7.Department of SurgeryColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  8. 8.Department of SurgerySouthern Illinois UniversitySpringfieldUSA

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