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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 819–831 | Cite as

Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy with curved versus linear instruments assessed by systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized trials

  • Stavros A. AntoniouEmail author
  • Salvador Morales-Conde
  • George A. Antoniou
  • Rudolph Pointner
  • Frank-Alexander Granderath
Review

Abstract

Background

Single-incision laparoscopic surgery poses significant ergonomic limitations. Curved instruments have been developed in order to address the issue of lack of triangulation. Direct comparison between single-incision laparoscopic surgeries with conventional linear and curved instruments has not been performed to date.

Methods

MEDLINE, CENTRAL and OpenGrey were searched to identify relevant randomized trials. A network meta-analysis was applied to compare operative risks, conversion, duration of surgery and the need for placement of an adjunct trocar in single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy with linear and curved instruments. The random-effects model was applied for two sets of comparisons, with conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy as the reference treatment. Odds ratios, mean differences and 95 % confidence intervals were calculated.

Results

Twenty-three randomized trials encompassing 1737 patients were included. The use of curved instruments was associated with increased operative time (mean difference 32.53 min, 95 % CI 24.23–40.83) and higher odds for the use of an adjunct trocar (odds ratio 22.81, 95 % CI 16.69–28.94) compared to the use of linear instruments. Perioperative risks could not be comparatively assessed due to the low number of events.

Conclusion

Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy with curved instruments may be associated with an increased level of operative difficulty, as reflected by the need for auxiliary measures for exposure and increased operative time as compared to the use of linear instruments. Current instrumentation requires further improvement, tailored to the features of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (CRD42015015721).

Keywords

Single-incision SILS Cholecystectomy Laparoscopic Instruments technical 

Notes

Disclosures

Stavros A. Antoniou, Salvador Morales-Conde, George A. Antoniou, Rudolph Pointner and Frank-Alexander Granderath have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

464_2015_4283_MOESM1_ESM.docx (12 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 12 kb)
464_2015_4283_MOESM2_ESM.docx (33 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 33 kb)
464_2015_4283_MOESM3_ESM.docx (85 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 84 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stavros A. Antoniou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
    Email author
  • Salvador Morales-Conde
    • 3
  • George A. Antoniou
    • 4
  • Rudolph Pointner
    • 5
  • Frank-Alexander Granderath
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Minimally Invasive SurgeryHospital NeuwerkMönchengladbachGermany
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryUniversity Hospital of HeraklionCreteGreece
  3. 3.Unit of Innovation in Minimally Invasive Surgery, Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Cirugía General y Aparato DigestivoUniversity Hospital Virgen del RocíoSevilleSpain
  4. 4.Liverpool Vascular and Endovascular ServiceRoyal Liverpool University HospitalLiverpoolUK
  5. 5.Department of General SurgeryHospital Zell am SeeZell Am SeeAustria
  6. 6.Keratea Attikis, AthensGreece

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