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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 1400–1405 | Cite as

Multi-layered intra-abdominal adhesion prophylaxis following laparoscopic colorectal surgery

  • Atsushi TsurutaEmail author
  • Tadashi Itoh
  • Toshihiro Hirai
  • Masafumi Nakamura
Article

Abstract

Background

Small bowel obstruction secondary to intra-abdominal adhesions is a frequent postoperative complication. Less invasive surgery carries a lower risk of postoperative adhesions, but adhesions may still occur after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. We present here some of our methods of adhesion prophylaxis for laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

Methods

The 167 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery at our center from 2007 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. To prevent postoperative intra-abdominal adhesions, anti-adhesion barriers were placed using the half-overlap method. The rate of postoperative small bowel obstruction was compared among three groups: patients who received no adhesion prophylaxis (Group NP), patients who received single-layered adhesion prophylaxis adjacent to the incision (Group SP), and patients who received three layers of adhesion prophylaxis at different depths (Group MLP).

Results

The rate of postoperative ileus was significantly different among the three groups, at 9.7 % (6/62) in Group NP, 5.0 % (1/19) in Group SP, and 0 % (0/86) in Group MLP).

Conclusions

This retrospective analysis found that placement of multi-layered anti-adhesion barriers using the half-overlap method provided the most effective prophylaxis. Prospective clinical trials are needed to further evaluate these methods of anti-adhesion prophylaxis.

Keywords

Laparoscopic colorectal surgery Postoperative adhesion Seprafilm Small bowel obstruction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

No financial support was received for this study.

Disclosures

Atsushi Tsuruta, Tadashi Itoh, Toshihiro Hirai, and Masafumi Nakamura have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsushi Tsuruta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tadashi Itoh
    • 2
  • Toshihiro Hirai
    • 1
  • Masafumi Nakamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Digestive SurgeryKawasaki Medical SchoolKurashikiJapan
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryKurashiki Central HospitalKurashikiJapan

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