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Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 668–672 | Cite as

Laparoscopy versus open surgery for idiopathic intussusception in children

  • Chin-Hung Wei
  • Yu-Wei Fu
  • Nien-Lu WangEmail author
  • Yi-Cheng Du
  • Jin-Cherng Sheu
Article

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to compare the results of laparoscopy and open surgery for idiopathic intussusception in children as well as evaluate the efficacy of ileopexy.

Methods and materials

Between January 2007 and July 2013, children aged <18 years who were operated for intussusception in our institution were reviewed. Patients were classified into two groups, laparoscopy (LAP) and open (OPEN). Both groups were further divided into two subgroups, ileopexy (IP) and non-ileopexy (NIP). Parameters investigated included age, gender, operative indication, surgical procedure, type of intussusception, level of intussusceptum, presence of spontaneously reduced intussusception and pathologic lead points, operative time (OP time), time to oral intake (PO time), length of postoperative hospital stay (LOS), and surgical recurrence.

Results

There were 23 and 35 patients in LAP and OPEN group, respectively. No significant difference was found on age, operative indication, surgical procedure, type of intussusception, level of intussusceptum, and presence of spontaneously reduced intussusception between both groups. In LAP group, mean OP time was significantly longer; mean PO time and LOS were significantly shorter. One surgical recurrence occurred in each group (p = 0.76). In comparison of LAP-IP (n = 15) and LAP-NIP (n = 8), OP time, PO time, and LOS were similar in both subgroups. One recurrence was noted in LAP-IP (p = 0.46). The overall conversion rate was 13.0 % (6.8 vs. 25 %, p = 0.21). Compared to patients with intussusceptum to ascending colon, the conversion rate was significantly higher in patients with intussusceptum to transverse and descending colon. With the exclusion of conversion, OP time was significantly shorter in LAP-NIP (p = 0.01).

Conclusion

Laparoscopy should be considered the primary modality for radiologically irreducible or recurrent idiopathic intussusception in children. Ileopexy provides no benefit on recurrence prevention but contributes to longer OP time.

Keywords

Intussusception Children Laparoscopy Ileopexy Recurrent intussusception 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Dr. Chih-Hao Chen for critical recommendation.

Disclosures

Drs. Chin-Hung Wei, Yu-Wei Fu, Nien-Lu Wang, Yi-Cheng Du, and Jin-Cherng Sheu have no conflict of interest or financial ties to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chin-Hung Wei
    • 1
  • Yu-Wei Fu
    • 1
  • Nien-Lu Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yi-Cheng Du
    • 2
  • Jin-Cherng Sheu
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of SurgeryMackay Memorial HospitalTaipei CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryMackay Memorial HospitalHsinchu CityTaiwan

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