To describe the technical aspects of a laparoscopic Roux limb placement for the management of chronic proximal fistulas after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).
Summary background data
Laparoscopic Roux limb placement has been proposed as corrective strategy after LSG proximal leak.
A retrospective chart and database review was conducted in our institution. From January 1, 2002 to May 30, 2013, 18 patients underwent a laparoscopic Roux limb placement on the defect for the treatment of a proximal chronic fistula. The aim of this article was to present the operative technique.
Eighteen patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux limb placement had undergone previous treatments including percutaneous drainage, endoscopic stenting of the fistula, and even percutaneous glue treatment. These patients had a chronic fistula and were admitted for a Roux limb placement of the fistula. The mean time for a chronic fistula to heal alter Roux limb placement was 13.5 ± 10.3 days, and the mean length of hospital stay was 18.4 ± 13.2.
Proximal leaks after LSG are relatively rare. However, a significant number become chronic. Laparoscopic placement of a Roux limb on the defect is a safe treatment. An accurate surgical technique should be done.
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Dr. Ramon Vilallonga and Dr. van de Vrande have no conflicts of interest. Dr. Jacques Himpens is a consultant for Ethicon Endosurgery and organizes workshops for Gore.
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Vilallonga, R., Himpens, J. & van de Vrande, S. Laparoscopic Roux limb placement for the management of chronic proximal fistulas after sleeve gastrectomy: technical aspects. Surg Endosc 29, 414–416 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-014-3684-6
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Roux limb